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Biocheck-up

 biocheck-upP

 

biocheck–upP is a comprehensive check-up that covers the complete metabolic profile in addition to the CBC, inflammation markers and urine analysis.

In order to assist you to understand these results, the tests were grouped according to function along with their relevant interpretation. However, it is important to ask your doctor about these results in case of abnormal findings or symptoms.

 

·         Complete blood count (CBC)

A CBC test is usually ordered as a routine checkup, or a screening test for anemia, infection, unexplained bruising or bleeding. A CBC evaluates three major types of cells in the blood: Red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets.

Along with a CBC test comes the blood film, a microscopic examination, which is the best method for definitively evaluating and identifying immature and abnormal malformed cells. This examination detects and provides the interpretation of abnormal red blood cell, white blood cell and platelet morphology and count.

 

·         Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR) and C-Reactive Protein (CRP)

The erythrocyte sedimentation rate and the C-reactive protein level provide excellent diagnostic test information for establishing the presence or absence of infection, inflammation and rheumatic disorders. However, these two tests cannot identify the location of the infection.

 

·         Fasting Blood Sugar

Fasting blood sugar tests for the amount of glucose found in the blood after being fasting for 10 hours. This test is done to check for diabetes, monitor its treatment and determine if an abnormally low blood sugar level (hypoglycemia) is present.

 

·         Kidney Function

  • Urea and Creatinine: Urea and creatinine tests are done to see how well your kidneys are working. Heart failure, dehydration, or a diet high in protein can make your Urea/BUN and creatinine levels higher. Creatinine is proportionally correlated to the amount of muscles one has, hence, men usually have a slightly higher level than women.
  • Uric Acid: High amounts of uric acid in the blood can cause solid crystals to accumulate in the joints (Gout) and also cause deposits in the kidneys and form stones.
  • Electrolytes: Electrolytes are minerals that help keep the water and electrolyte balance of the body. Sodium and potassium have a role in heart rhythm, muscles and nerves functioning, and checking the progress of kidneys or adrenal glands diseases. Chloride helps maintain proper blood volume, blood pressure, and pH of your body fluids.
  • Urine analysis: Urine test is part of a routine screening. It helps diagnose and monitor urinary tract infection, kidney stones, diabetes and some types of liver and kidney diseases.

 

 

 

 

·         Lipid Profile

·         Cholesterol: Total cholesterol is made up of High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) and Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL). High amounts can lead to the formation of plaques in the inner lining of artery walls. Large amounts of plaques can increase chances of a heart attack or stroke. Genetic predisposition and diet can affect cholesterol levels (Refer to the CVD pamphlet).

·         HDL: HDL binds to cholesterol in the bloodstream and carries it to the liver for disposal preventing plaque formation. Hence, it is called the “good” cholesterol. High HDL is desirable since it may decrease the chances of a heart attack or stroke. Physical activity can increase HDL levels.

·         LDL: LDL carries cholesterol from the liver to body tissues and may deposit cholesterol on the artery walls. LDL is called the “bad” cholesterol. High LDL levels may increase the chances of developing a heart attack. A diet low in saturated fats along with regular exercise will help in lowering your LDL cholesterol level.

·         Triglycerides: Elevated levels of triglycerides can be inherited or be the results of a diet high in sugar, fats and even alcohol. High levels of triglycerides may increase chances of a heart attack and diabetes.

 

·         Liver function

·       GPT, GOT, and GGT: These liver enzymes are measured to check for liver damage or injury. Elevated enzyme levels are found in hepatitis or cirrhosis caused by viruses, alcohol or drugs.

·       Alkaline phosphatase (ALP): This test helps detect bone or liver injury, bile duct obstruction, or certain malignancies. High levels are found during normal activities such as bone growth (children) and pregnancy.

·       Bilirubin (total and direct): Bilirubin is produced when the heme (part of hemoglobin in red blood cells) is broken down. Increased bilirubin levels can be due to hemolytic anemia, internal hemorrhage, liver diseases or even alcohol abuse.

·       Total Protein, Albumin, and Globulin: These tests measure the total amount of protein (albumin and globulin) in the blood.  This test could be an indicator of liver or kidney disorders, or protein digestion.

 

 

It is not intended for a person to use these results for treatment without the consultation of physicians.



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